The most common diseases that can be found on a child are:
Default graduation ( nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism). In a child you have to be careful when graduating glasses because a failure may compromise vision for the rest of his life.
Strabismus i.e. the deviation of the normal line of one of the eyes or both so taht the visual axes have the same directions.
In adition this to diseases we can also find congenital problems such as a blocked tear duct, congenital blindness, or diseases such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis.
The most common abnormality in this age is the default graduation (nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism). It may appear with puberty or manyfest some flaws that had previous gone unnoticed. At this time the visual development is complete, so it will not develop a lazy eye, but we can not heal it if we have it.
This age can vary graduation, but often is handled in optics. The most frequent abnormalities are often conjunctivitis, retinal detachment, (in myopic patients or patients with a blow), although in some cases eyestrain and dry eyes may also appear, often associated with blepharitis.
They start early symptoms of eyestrain appear, but can also manifest defects before graduation had gone unnoticed.
Other abnormalities that may occur in this age are glaucoma and retinal detachments, especially when there is a history in the family, dry eye, "floaters", inflammations of the optic nerve problems "irrigation".
In this age cataracts appear, but is becomming more common macular degeneration, which is the leading cause of blindness in irrecoverable in this age.
Other commom problems include glaucoma, circulatory problems ("irrigation"), stroke or thrombosis in the retina, optic nerve infarction acute strabismus, (where the patient can see double) "floaters" and retinal detachment.